<address id="zfvvj"><listing id="zfvvj"><progress id="zfvvj"></progress></listing></address>

        <address id="zfvvj"><address id="zfvvj"><listing id="zfvvj"></listing></address></address>
        <address id="zfvvj"><address id="zfvvj"><listing id="zfvvj"></listing></address></address>

              今天是: 繁體中文
              手機版 | 歷史上的今天 | 幫助 | 加入收藏 | 設為首頁 | 會員中心 |我要投稿 | RSS歷史網RSS訂閱
              歷史春秋網 歷史春秋網道學頻道
              您當前的位置:首頁 >>  商朝 >>  商朝歷史(約公元前1600-前1100年)

              牧野之戰紂王為什么會輸

              時間:2018-12-03  來源:新浪博客  作者:再見大學    評論:  【國學  收藏  糾錯

                軍事理論家克勞塞維茨有一句名言,“戰爭是政治的延續”;我國春秋時期的軍事家孫武也說過類似的話,“故經之以五事,校之以計,而索其情:一曰道,二曰天,三曰地,四曰將,五曰法。道者,令民與上同意也,故可以與之生,可以與之死,而不畏威。”這里所說的“道”,人心的向背,其實就是指政治。預測戰爭勝負,戰爭性質,主要就看參戰雙方的政治基礎。戰爭的一方政治基礎牢固、廣泛,那么這一方的實力相對來說就會比較強大,獲勝的幾率也就更高。當然,也不能否認戰爭中的偶然因素,比如說天氣,比如說地形,比如說將帥的素質,比如戰略戰術的制定,它們有時也能使實力弱的一方反敗為勝,以少勝多,以弱勝強。但是總的來說,起主要作用的是政治因素。三千多年前武王克商,在牧野之戰前,周武王和周文王已經做了很多的政治工作,所以與其說周武王的勝利是軍事上的勝利,毋寧說是在政治謀略上要高出商紂一籌。rlY歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                讀罷《史記·本紀》,我們常常會掩書不解:為什么在武王九年,孟津之盟時,諸侯皆曰:“紂可伐矣!“周武王以“女未知道天命”為由,拒絕討伐商紂?難道是因為天象的緣故?“既渡,有火自上復于下,至于王屋,流為烏,其色赤,其聲魄云”,難道是因為這個自然天象,武王就認為商紂死期未到,所以才“還師歸”?假如是因為“天命”,那是講不過去的。因為在此之前,武王渡河時,有白魚躍于武王船中,這是個極好的兆頭,后來的儒者為了渲染周武王克商是“共行天之罰”,是正義之舉,往往引用這個白魚的典故。所以“天命”恐怕不是周武王沒有立即討伐商紂的原因。武王和太公呂望還有別的考量。那么是什么緣故使得他們推遲了克商的日期?他們在等待一個什么時機?或許我們可以從《史記·殷本紀》下面的記載找到答案。rlY歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                “周二年,聞紂昏亂暴虐滋甚,殺王子比干,囚箕子。太師疵、少師強抱其樂器而奔周。”當聽到這個消息后,周武王才遍告諸侯說:“殷有重罪,不可以不伐。”這就耐人尋味了。難道紂王之前好酒淫樂,以酒為池,以肉為林,設炮烙之刑,殺九侯女,醢九侯,脯鄂侯,不是重罪嗎?只有解答了這個問題,才能解開周武王推遲伐紂的謎底。紂王荒淫無度,大失民心,已經使得諸侯國敢怒不敢言,以此諸侯才“益疏”紂王,“多叛紂而往歸西伯”,也就是說原先以紂王為領袖的比較激進(這個激進是相對于商紂的宗親而言的)的一派,現在已經與紂王劃清了政治界限,周文王父子很容易就爭取到了這些勢力;但是這些諸侯國歸附,并不代表商王朝的實力在根本上已經被削弱,所以周武王和呂望在等待的時機恐怕就是紂王的眾叛親離。比干、箕子無疑是紂王的親人,是商王朝的忠實擁護者,他們與太師疵、少師強可以說是當時中產階層里徹徹底底的保守派,一心想要維護舊的政治制度,可是紂王居然連這些最忠實的擁護者也都得罪了,他實質上已經成為了“孤家寡人”。美國政治家塞繆爾·p·亨廷頓在《變革社會中的政治秩序》中指出,“知識分子的背離是革命的征兆”,“陰謀修德以傾商政”的呂望和武王,等待的當然就是這個時機,最希望看到的當然也是這個時機。周武王當年孟津之盟沒有發動進攻朝歌,大概就是看到時機還不成熟,一者商王朝內的保守派還在支持紂王,二者諸侯國中有些還不敢徹底與商王朝決裂,有些還在支持著商紂,“八百諸侯”與后來牧野之戰的“諸侯咸會”還是有數量上的區別的。rlY歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                政治上已經完全孤立的紂王其實敗局已定,加之以呂望正確的軍事指揮,商王朝的潰敗可謂是摧枯拉朽。雖說戰車的發明是在商代,但是有大量大證據表明,首次真正大規模運用戰車的乃是在牧野之戰中。后人記錄呂望兵法之書《六韜》,其中《文韜》有說:“凡用兵之要,必有武車驍騎,馳陣陷鋒,見可擊則擊之。”又說:“車者軍之羽翼也,所以陷堅陣,要強敵,遮走北也。”這一次戰役,諸侯國出兵車四千乘,西周自己有兵車三百乘,以及虎賁三千人,甲士四萬五千人。當時的排兵布陣主要是分為左中右三軍,從史書記載的“武王使師尚父與百夫致師,以大卒馳帝紂師”可以推想,呂望的戰術指導是,先用勇猛善戰的虎賁以及戰車,沖擊商紂部隊的中軍,從中間突破,或者從兩翼迂回包抄,繼之以步兵,全面擊潰敵人。古時候是冷兵器作戰,戰士的士氣很重要。《孫子兵法·九變》云:“死地則戰。”《九地篇》又云:“疾戰則存,不疾戰則亡者,為死地。”又云:“深入則專,主人不克。”西周深入商朝國都郊外作戰,必須抱著必死之心,眾志成城,否則就會死無葬身之地。所以周武王十分了解這一個戰斗心理,在開戰之前,對西周部隊做了一番慷慨激昂的誓師演說,第一句話就是明確告訴西周戰士現在所處的“死地”:“遠矣西土之人”,潛臺詞就是說,如今我們遠離家鄉深入敵人腹地,疾戰則生,不疾戰則死;然后又說明如今所要開展的戰斗乃是一場正義的戰爭,接著又申明了紀律。在周武王的宣傳鼓動之后,我相信當時的西周戰士一定是“尚桓桓!如虎如羆,如豺如離!”反觀商紂,既在政治上不得人心,軍事上又不能早做防備,等聽到周武王部隊開拔到牧野,才倉皇將幾十萬的奴隸武裝,加之以常備軍,總共七十萬人(這個數字恐怕是夸大了的),但是這幾十萬的部隊不過是烏合之眾。果然,“武王馳之,紂兵皆崩畔紂”。戰斗到底劇烈與否,史上有兩種觀點,一種認為既然紂師倒戈,周武王應該是兵不血刃就攻下了朝歌;一種根據《尚書》記載的“血流漂杵”,認為戰斗十分慘烈。無論是哪一種情況,最終都是西周取得了重大的勝利。

              未標明來源于“歷史春秋網”的稿件均為轉載,版權歸原作者所有。如本文內容影響到您的合法權益(含文章中內容、圖片等),請與我們聯系,我們將及時處理。 聯系郵箱:6465372@qq.com;QQ:6465372

              文章標簽:中國歷史  古代  商周  紂王  朝歌  牧野之戰


              圖說歷史
              圖說民國十大奇女子
              圖說民國十大奇女子
              毛澤東外交舊照
              毛澤東外交舊照
              世襲罔替”的清朝十二家“鐵帽子王”
              世襲罔替”的清朝十二
              美雜志拍46年沈陽妓女
              美雜志拍46年沈陽妓女
              歷史春秋網微信公眾號

              掃碼關注歷史春秋網微信公眾號


              推薦資訊
              大唐危局:唐德宗的削藩策
              大唐危局:唐德宗的削藩
              辟謠:劉伯溫見諸葛亮墳前五字直接跪了?
              辟謠:劉伯溫見諸葛亮墳
              真實歷史中的李愬雪夜入蔡州是啥回事
              真實歷史中的李愬雪夜
              君子世無雙:孔子論一個人的素養
              君子世無雙:孔子論一


              廣告
              欄目熱門
              相關文章
              五福彩票 846015.com | 07589.com | www.401285.com | www.f2894.com | www.8694v.com | 66300vip49.com | www.336766.com | www.bjl916.com | www.272424.com | 7720m.com | 4023w.com | www.07163i.com | www.190bo.com | xpj2229.cc | 91599.com | www.1035r.com | www.5099kk.com | www.vns6n6.com | ll40033.com | www.094918.com | www.27jsc.com | www.vns0000000.com | 86811o.com | 11173355.com | www.599645.com | www.wns66.me | www.66050.com | 50128d.com | qqcp.com | 84497700.com | www.58uh.com | www.559999.vip | www.5550515.com | 3242.am | 6033.com | www.095069.com | www.16065y.com | www.l9478.com | www.js507713.com | 3650329.com | feicai0577.com | www.004ac.com | www.99552yy.com | www.3494.cc | 509191.com | 446082.com | 2096v.com | www.yw373.com | www.79095o.com | www.57798.com | qmbfw.com | 7720m.net | 1596aa.com | www.qmfc7.com | www.66889.am | www.90653.com | www.1869p.com | 0332i.com | 83138b.com | www.cp8018.cc | www.d98478.com | www.0636777.com | www.7025l.com | 2266buyu.com | b45638.com | 4405596.com | www.638477.com | www.71399g.com | www.9895o.com | www.cs.bet | www.38778d.com | 59889g.com | 40033f.com | dzjgw7777.com | www.33598v.com | www.qmkl3.com | www.222067a.com? | www.js7000.com | www.705msc.com | www.3643m.com | 8905u.com | 3242k.com | 1591vvv.com | 5001d.com | www.870013.com | www.60007y.com | www.js56772.com | www.cp67775.com | www.v688.tv | www.554js.com | 2381002.com | vip7022.com | w08199.com | r2490.com | bet365baijiale34.net | www.131333.com | www.891477.com | www.6832i.com | www.4331w.com | www.6687w.com | www.0849j.com | www.006074.com | www.63877r.com | kk56988.com | 9068mm.com | 999p1.cc | c388y.com | 3482h.com | 69449955.com | 1259d.com | www.68689i.com | www.926887.com | www.3479w.com | www.hg7774.com | www.yh6688.bet | www.y6094.com | www.bet91486.com | www.80.tt | www.70suncity.org | www.tyc95.com | www.080948.com | www.668811.com | www.hg992233.com | www.hg12358.com | 5589t.com | 168c3.com | 85698u.com | 8869emc.com | d1915.com | 3467u.am | 3656xx.com | 4255ii.com | 28288pp.com | 11hh8332.com | 518cp88.com | 748o.com | 7702666.com | 131nnn.net | 43234323.com | z1458.com | 112p.net | 3368.com | 40033ff.com | 01234nnn.com | 00774bb.com | 06388383.com | yhw4.cc | 2268.com | www.yh1555.com | www.hg77009.com | www.yinhecc77.com | www.458458.net | www.wnsr808.com | www.44488806.com | www.t30226.com | www.453022.com | www.995684.com | www.f63568.com | www.4449193.com | 6220yy.com | 2851u.com | www.2988cai.com | www.9818n.cc | www.807835.com | www.550414.com | www.112819.com | 517801.com | 7811i.com | 38989j.com | rb431.com | 569324.com | 4647y.com | 923370.com | www.68666o.com | www.vns990.cc | www.mng44.com | www.081168.net | www.848524.com | www.pjgw99.com | www.00765.com | www.36788j.com | www.df76.com | www.196051.com | 3018nn.com | 1389i.com | 33432l.com | hg27388.com | gggg19927.com | 7196l.com | www.cr1118.com | www.77438.com | www.063259.com | www.3116q.com | www.wnsr118.com | www.33598z.com | www.6769a1.com | www.366098.com | 2844g.com | 1592c.com | 5309789.com | 2381ll.com | www.55268ss.com | www.79111bb.com | www.111jyh.com | www.0343d.com | www.011ac.com | www.330297.com | 3225i.com | 3522ii.cc | 86888js.com | www.362822.com | www.bbc228.com | www.79095d.com | www.6653.com | www.179223.com | 35856app.com | 8722uuuu.com | www.vns992.cc | www.7878788.com | www.bwinyz24.com | www.66332k.com | www.607356.com | 3379g.com | q4389.com | feicai0411.com | www.3336358.com | www.163a4.com | www.ra8855.com | www.660665.com | 1077hhh.com | 51133d.com | www.ylhg2828.com | www.hf9011.com | www.6889783.com | www.858856.com | 212300.com | 27878cc.com | www.betll365.com | www.92820.com | www.16065u.com | www.652251.com | 2060033.com | 6487jjj.com | www.4759oo.com | www.ld003.com | www.4350.vip | www.569829.com | 2820j.com | 25288m.com | www.37vnsvns.com | www.33678yy.com | www.663by.com | 5956988.com | 999201.com | www.hg94444.com | www.04567x.com | www.81520y.com | www.91233v.com | 6002x.com | 6002m.com | www.20199qq.com | www.86267b.com | ylzz8.cc | 3726m.com | www.d50336.com | www.30350v.com | www.808399.com | 8381b.com | 2268.com | www.97cp678.com | www.334777.com | 29918uu.com | few12we.com | www.pj5938.com | www.32031w.com | www.808523.com | 118cai.cc | 4546vip3.com | 866489.com | js89k.vip | www.789668.net | www.71399j.com | p2894.com | 44ss8332.com | www.80834.com | www.66652n.com | ysb95.com | 50732.com | www.80879.com | www.12455e.com | 7945yy.com | 8905a.com | www.005mgm.com | www.66332n.com | rbbet55.com | 3122jj.com | www.yinhe6.cc | www.3478p.cc | 796666.com | www.hg250.com | www.20677.com | www.196109.com | pjqinghai.com | www.25000.com | www.33997h.com | x33x.vip | www.00829v.com | www.zzjxyt.com | www.115779.com | 09780.com | www.a11122.com | www.626by.com | 9030v.com | www.4107u.com | www.r999991.com | 22299jj.com | wnsr8806.com | www.71071a.com | www.701547.com | 4022aa.com | www.xpj1633.com | www.35918p.com | js07.app | www.4972dd.com | www.2418002.com | 6766cc.com | www.8767700.com | www.40288.com | yhw7.cc | 5622t.com | www.y8821.com | 31325e.com | 033p.net | www.8905k.com | 7720f.net | 88807u.com | www.js58678.com | 3189z.com | www.65533vip.com | www.9422d.com | am2982.com | www.sbet818.com | www.4323t.com | 5003ppp.com | www.32666a.com | www.60123y.com | 2222k06.com | www.206000.com | www.al9888.com | 55545k.com | www.331133.com | www.049988.com | 5446kk.com | www.55676w.com | 3467n.am | www.5suncity.com | www.903079.com | 62222q.com | www.bet63f.com | 9121904.com | www.jtx888.com | www.xj445566.com | 2383cc.com | www.4058s.com | www.588088.com | 59889m.com | www.xpj815.com | 4052s.com | www.1166hg.com | www.c602.cc | 2490f.com | www.33678dd.com | 0860b.com | www.8880165.com | www.am5432.com | 2021o.com | www.xpj816.com | 5804v.com | www.9939365.com | www.630477.com | feicai020.com | www.4809i.com | 5554136.com | www.460707.com | www.153880.com | www.886601.com | www.68682h.com | 3807rr.com | www.89677h.com | 3775f.com | www.hg2788.com | www.607993.com | P35jj.com | www.60007j.com | cais777.com | www.1754y.com | 188qq66.com | www.888950.com | 59js.com | www.hy086.com | www.526052.com | www.4759qq.com | www.2109l.com | y99345.am | www.win1237.com | 444000yy.com | www.i32031.com | 10050718.com | www.9737ff.me | 3846pp.com | www.js9615.com | 91019.net | www.82894w.com | www.444070.com | www.389988.com | www.898463.com | x2913.com | www.5522v.cc | 1115675.com | www.12455y.com | 85722.com | www.99788h.com | 87965yy.com | www.68993231.com | 4955h.com | www.7886269.com | 992222m.com | www.615069.com | 4288j.com | www.742488.com | 3566vv.com | www.972080.com | 32666p.com | www.p63568.com | 13222q.com | www.48330n.com | 50099e.com | www.725602.com | HGW3300.com | www.15355w.com | 56988rr.com | www.500yf.com | www.kf318.com | www.848066.com | www.bet81365.com | www.387844.com | www.16297733.com | 3151.com | www.cai73.cc | 8547s.com | www.44118b.com | 4488r.com | www.5856886.com | 73055q.com | www.66653k.com | 023932.com | www.fh2622.com | www.bet3650814.com | www.342077.com | www.77518f.com | 566777m.com | www.27363b.com | js01.app | www.179107.com | 7779j.cc | www.994696.com | www.4972uu.com | mi523.com | www.307msc.com | t365j.com | www.12136e.com | xpj6620.com | www.022q.cc | www.77755545.com | www.339361.com | www.61808.com | hhhhh.com | www.44118i.com | 7720i.net | www.ya099.com | www.dh70507.com | vipsandsapp.com | www.80074.com | 7514444.com | www.81608o.com | le888i.com | www.djcp007.com | www.706sunbet.com | 2306x.com | www.vip5028.com | 37570d.com | www.653750.com | www.849958.com | 4025b.com | www.js520988.cn | www.81866a.com | www.50051a.com | www.50999s.com | js8502.com | www.979zf.com | www.ks1384.com | 272cc.net | www.0087k.com | 0600s.cc | amxsyl0.com | www.1122xpj.net | 7276996.com | www.874918.com | www.443344.com | yl77yl22.com | www.54400t.com | www.76543x.com | 1691266.com | www.3775n.com | www.kk2233.com | 5853d.com | www.b83377.com | 30006.com | www.80065e.com | www.bwinyz38.com | 500000419.com | www.yc7701.com | www.4694m.com | 3651111111.com | www.599160.com | www.005700.com | 9309208.com | www.577285.com | www.79500t.com | 4182v.com | www.520935.com | www.747855.com | x33i.vip | www.52303o.com | www.357306.com | vvv8827.com | 0803.com | www.8003xl.com | www.3xinhao.com | 390033k.com | www.71233l.com | www.13558u.com | mf708.com | www.hr5888.com | www.9611msc.com | 55797h.com | www.310787.com | www.4828448.com | 9539f.com | 272f.net | www.sx1866.com | www.hg0462.com | 436.com | www.877802.com | www.yk222b.com | spj09.com | 66876g.com | www.566493.com | www.xb0020.com | 20188t.com | www.599690.com | www.4996gg.com | 454664.com | 9737qq.me | www.5854u.cc | www.410488.com | hgyz11.com | o2146.com | www.66621j.com | www.443447.com | longfa2.com | 61327711.com | www.c79839.com | www.73999u.com | ddcp77.com | 876878.com | www.36583333.com | www.hg0019.com | 9649c.com | 3225o.com | www.998855aa.com | www.hg2272.com | ee0385.com | 5001e.com | www.57169.cc | www.5049b.com | 3938ee.com | 56787ww.com | www.915366.com | www.7893w36.com | www.63877e.com | 0332c.com | www.212632.com | www.410067.com | www.xin8884.com | 2222k09.com | js28887.com | www.21czj.com | www.4996.com | www.4938c.com | lc99t.com | 99151h.com | www.6539w.com | www.19019y.com | www.76060x.com | 2454888.com | 55545s.com | www.61655r.com | www.4212e.com | www.lb77.com | m14666.com | bcylc22.com | www.lyc55.com | www.yh234d.com | www.555pj8.cc | 33gg8331.com | 2381a.com | www.766927.com | www.556350.com | www.433345.com | 3121zz.com | bwinfff.com | www.26878o.com | www.88266p.com | www.tt123.la | www.hg158.ag | jing7773.com | www.435511.com | 39199d.com | 681bet.com | www.927633.com | www.5446e.com | www.50170vip1.com | 88535u.com | 3775o.com | 51335z.com | www.cp8018.cc | www.495414.com | www.mk939.com | www.62284.com | bet28j.com | 99840.com | www.196075.com | www.26878c.com | www.478378.com | www.13798a.com | 1654gg.com | hjcp44.com | 18891.com | www.271901.com | www.39500d.com | www.637968.com | www.777800.cc | www.8124a.com | 80850q.com | 80368cc.com | 33oo8332.com | www.703270.com | www.7239o.com | www.v69096.com | www.49f8.com | www.76060q.com | hwcp33.com | 69445555.com | yataibet5.com | www.160913.com | www.544aa.cc | www.1466d.com | www.3188888.com | www.289333.com | www.vns7777.cc | 59889h.com | h88803.com | 18438hd.com | 7945tt.com | www.501346.com | www.3668y.com | www.1115mg.com | www.i80288.com | www.435776.com | www.126hg.tv | www.longfa110.com | 55331i.com | 2214kk.com | 1407a.com | 655yh.com | www.055168.cc | www.755745.com | www.78995.com | www.8998786.com | www.4546200.com | www.h92776.com | www.pj98914.com | www.98717s.com | www.407776.com | gong111.com | w5556944.com | 4995b.com | yyy8827.com | 89892tt.com | 06006m.com | www.50788e.com | www.505354.com | www.cp5658.cc | www.33997k.com | www.430188.com | www.hg0297.com | www.62979f.com | www.3116k.com | www.8864tt.com | www.ccc609.com | www.699139.com | www.84162222.com | www.0860l.com | www.vns9938.com | www.3435333.com | n2554.com | jsjlb11.com | 2060088.com | 2346333.com | 51133j.com | ddd5657.com | dzj002.com | 37770778.com | 0729w.com | 0208gg.com | rbbet99.com | 2247tt.com | 871ww.com | 19990e.com | zz76669.com | 6177006.com | 00555004.com | 77775309.com | 67890m.com | byj.com | 4747.com | 00jidu.com | 1017.com | y4389.com | xpj99909.com | 1443e.com | 40033yy.com | 8037y.com | 99589ff.net | 82997.com | 33ss8332.com | 28288m.com | 56988z.vip | 11vn77.com | www.22264400.com | www.ylhg6868.com | www.vns62999.com | www.36410.com | www.7676760099.com | www.44220151.com | www.9816666.com | www.110048.com | www.6677psb.com | www.808888j.com | www.7334c.com | www.8645005.com | www.44118k.com | www.55676f.com | www.2418j.com | www.68568t.com | www.626by.com | www.878466.com | www.458178.com | www.50064u.com | 9949.com | 14140524.com | 9339999k.com | hd71966.com | xpj6620.com | 2643x.com | www.6491s.com | www.4tgpd.com | www.01304.com | www.C63.COM? | www.88325g.com | www.1434p.com | www.83993z.com | www.07czj.com | www.508869.com | www.83033v.com | 5309u.com | 999wns88.org | hg27388.com | 237844.com | www.y32126.cc | www.hg0634.com | www.599123.com | www.9931331.com | www.78680a.com | www.?junzi8888.com | www.hf5882.com | www.426689.com | 44119193.com | tz22666.com | 888992266.com | 3169t.com | www.h7788b.com | www.gd49.com | www.829797g.com | www.55717i.com | www.5441m.com | www.550419.com | 06006y.com | 048p.com | 44ss8332.com | www.vns333399.com | www.kk685.com | www.5981u.com | www.37377y.com | www.c6121.com | www.51331e.com | 1859004.com | 34y35.com | www.sbd444.net | www.hg984.com | www.55060u.com | www.9238777.com | www.c1353.com | 86811j.com | 88807n.com | 6764999.com | www.3459j.com | www.818msc.net | www.xpj8896.com | www.3668m.com | www.022174.com | dh5145.com | 45637z.com | www.335955.com | www.hjcp77.com | www.x88678.com | www.cp2838.com | 3939688.com | 3559gggg.com | 12742x.com | www.828798.com | www.9895a.com | www.9205b.com | www.29277i.com | 3121ii.com | 68963.com | www.xpj654.com | www.04567y.com | www.68568b.com | www.178651.com | hh3336.com | 65005y.com | www.62019555.com | www.478378.com | www.2109g.com | 93996.com | yhc998.com | www.b50336.com | www.998855v.com | www.hg57977.com | www.591017.com | 0615019.com | 00773vv.com | www.bhhxled.com | www.3032ii.com | www.igcp6.com | 5002z.com | 53059.com | www.58777g.com | www.1559509.com | www.fen08.com | amhj.cc | www.980205.com | www.65707z.com | www.81678o.com | 407uu.com | www.nnn801.com | www.cp67771.com | www.17828v.com | www.77ok.com | www.81233cc.com | 6150b.com | www.932779.com | 7xh.vip | www.boma0151.com | www.0600h.cc | www.186759.com | 9068j.com | www.xpj3210.com | www.js69z.cc | 44betbet365.com | pj4.com | www.hao500.com | www.936570.com | wvs8.com | www.4318q.com | www.16065j.com | 99885002.com | 23249.com | www.b35zz.com | www.501210.com | 3506.com | www.973777.com | www.6611f.cc | 313.net | www.xpj6t6.com | www.bjl917.com | 80060202.com | 22883c.com | www.88325i.com | www.91233v.com | 4809l.com | www.caipiao88d.com | www.737198.com | 5350x.com | www.78221g.com | www.5091n.com | 512800.com | www.09569c.com | www.365.tv | 6269ee.com | www.36530088.com | www.js00099.com | 7945jj.com | www.3435x.com | www.1110yl.com | zhcp72.com | 5855kk.com | www.senurcare.com | 4048eee.com | kk4675.com | www.f94600.com | x171717.com | www.3066hg.com | www.555999qipai.com | 7584999.com | www.pjhubei.com | www.ykylc06.com | 2698.com | www.3459o.com | www.3978z.com | 6396g.com | www.5303v.com | www.5854o.cc | 1818394.com | www.068340.com | www.901576.com | fh7.com | www.30hga.com | www.91233v.com | 65005w.com | www.52062o.com | 5855ll.com | www.o8867.com | www.8499e.com | yhc998.com | www.m948m.com | www.344141.com | 500000520.com | www.y94600.com | 55766.com | www.42842814.com | www.yi654.com | 4488f.com | www.bet63v.com | 3245777.com | www.3332hg.com | www.50077c.com | 2214d.com | www.360cp.com | 15a34.net | www.yh3333.cc | www.36166p.com | 3950y.com | www.65066ff.com | rrxiu.net | www.4972ff.com | www.982jc.com | 2127tt.com | www.115527q.com | 67890ppp.com | www.hg5899.com | www.901257.com | 3245d.com | www.7758.com | 8fll8.com | www.138cpv.com | www.082985.com | www.3333wnsr.com | www.26299l.com | 3568c.com | www.8080999g.com | pc0428.com | www.6372008.com | www.550249.com | kk76669.com | www.80767y.com | 4167p.com | www.bwinyz01.com | 1589.com | www.js421.com | www.177804.com | www.ag9811.com | www.8667y.com | 9649r.com | www.7920s.com | 680556.com | www.5b5b.com | 8036uu.com | www.js77777.com | www.195880.com | www.020xpj.com | www.3933k.cc | 8977ss.com | www.66655.com | 566777g.com | www.s063801.com | hgw168w.com | www.r9478.com | 99559193.com | www.53532.com | www.220755.com | www.27706.com | www.978261.com | 5002ttt.com | www.9155b.cc | 3045.com | www.4323r.com | 4182o.com | www.yh6699.bet | 3807hh.com | www.33pjjt.com | 223536.com | www.6455.com | vns55545.com | www.7334d.com | 73657k.com | www.caipiao88a.com | 234906.com | www.s456x.com | k85686.com | www.444202.com | 6641qq.com | www.4512x.com | 76886w.com | www.hg2312.com | yabo.vip | www.179999.com | gc002.cc | www.xw6655.com | 869576.com | www.ttb222.com | 91234.com | www.jjjj33333.com | 6868003.cc | www.l9478.com | 2019.com | www.4212z.com | 00119193.com | www.5981j.com | 454663.com | www.73990p.com | 3678pp.com | www.flb908.com | 51200.com | www.216781.com | 8547ii.com | www.44050.cc | 11174066.com | www.588088a.com | www.747xpj.com | www.393830.com | www.mmtx88.com | 1483q.com | www.hg8104.com | 1288cc.com | www.77775309.com | v444000.com | www.38358.com |