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              林則徐為何要禁煙?原因是什么

              時間:2019-05-09  來源:歷史春秋網  作者:    評論:  【國學  收藏  糾錯

                談及林則徐的虎門銷煙,想必大家都這么認為,即:鴉片之毒,讓林則徐憂心忡忡,于是林則徐為了人民的健康,而勇往直前的禁煙!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                然而,事實可能并非如此!林則徐禁煙的原因,并不是因為知道鴉片害民,而是看到了這一場危機。也就是說,不能用現代人的認識,去分析林則徐的禁煙動機!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              image.pngqBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                為什么說林則徐禁煙,不是因為鴉片害民呢?關于這一個問題,最有力的一個反駁證據是:林則徐一邊禁鴉片,但一邊卻鼓勵鴉片國產化,主要在云貴地區種植。這也是抗戰前后,云貴地區鴉片泛濫的重要原因!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                后來,全國各地的開始大規模種植,甚至有的農民將其當做主業。到了后期,洋鴉片已經完全競爭不過本地的了。甚至于,近代不少軍隊的薪水,直接使用“土煙”來支付。qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                另外,現代人有一個錯覺,即:認為鴉片戰爭前后,全國抽鴉片的人很多,其實換一個角度看:一般人家能抽的起嗎?顯然,當時八旗子弟和富裕階層,才是主力軍!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                從這一點上,可以清晰的看到,林則徐并沒有考慮到“鴉片害民”的問題。更為重要的是,在19世紀,不僅是中國,其他國家也公開發售鴉片,沒人認為這是毒藥!所以,把林則徐禁煙和害民劃上等號,明顯不合理!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                那么,林則徐禁煙的目的是什么呢?其實,道理很簡單,就是一點:大清的白銀快速外流!按照東印度公司的記錄,在鴉片戰爭之前,清廷每年流失的白銀在1000萬兩左右!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                1838年9月,林則徐在任兩湖總督期間,向道光上書稱:“若猶泄泄視之,是使數十年后,中原幾無可以御敵之兵,且無可以充餉之銀”!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                很多人只看到這一句,其實后面還有半句話,即:“果皆散在內地,何妨損上而益下,藏富于民,無如漏向外洋,豈宜籍寇資盜,不亟為計?”qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              image.pngqBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                這句話的意思是:如果在國內種植,“散在內地”,那么國家收不到稅了,但卻可以“益下”,藏富于民。更為重要的是,白銀不會外流,不會資敵!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                由此觀之,林則徐的禁煙,關鍵是看到了這么一場危機,即:白銀大量外流,導致“無可以充餉之銀”!所以,在這個基礎上,林則徐才開始禁煙!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                有人說,林則徐提到了“中原幾無可以御敵之兵”,說明他看到了鴉片危害。但這里有一個問題,即:林則徐明確提出“鄙意亦以內地栽種罌粟于事無妨,所恨者內地之嗜洋煙而不嗜土煙”,既然鼓勵中國自產鴉片,那么軍人就不抽煙了嗎?所以,林則徐禁煙的根源在于白銀外流問題!qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              image.pngqBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                最后值得一提的是,如今談到林則徐,總是將他神化,將他看成“一代偉人”。其實,林則徐思想有很多愚昧性,比如認為英軍膝蓋不會彎,所以不敢上岸打仗之類。作為一國高層,國際認識如此淺薄,豈非一個國家之禍?但反過來,在清朝那種愚昧統治之下,林則徐能有這番認識,又已經很難得了。如此愚昧王朝,現在清宮劇卻如此吹捧,何來廉恥?qBJ歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              未標明來源于“歷史春秋網”的稿件均為轉載,版權歸原作者所有。如本文內容影響到您的合法權益(含文章中內容、圖片等),請與我們聯系,我們將及時處理。 聯系郵箱:6465372@qq.com;QQ:6465372

              文章標簽:林則徐  虎門銷煙  鴉片戰爭  清朝


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