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              朱元璋殺了太多功臣,為什么唯獨不殺徐達?

              時間:2019-05-24  來源:歷史春秋網  作者:    評論:  【國學  收藏  糾錯

                朱元璋的出身很低,他僥幸做了皇帝后,心里很沒安全感,第一件事就是大肆屠殺功臣,幾乎所有的功臣都未能躲過帝王的屠刀。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                朱元璋當皇帝,文治武功大家都是有目共睹的,要說他是殘暴昏庸的皇帝,當然他不是,但要說他是仁君圣君,未免太名過其實了。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                “胡惟庸案”讓明朝半壁江山都泡在血水里,說白了帝王要掃清障礙,是不需要任何原因的,覺得你有本事就把你辦了,隨便捏造個罪名就可以了。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                但歷史學家認為,朱元璋大肆屠殺功臣是為了太子朱標,這個太子跟朱元璋不同,心慈,看不得殺戮,朱元璋每次出來殺人,太子都出來阻撓,說此事不可,太殘忍,久而久之朱元璋心驚膽戰,覺得大明江山可能就要斷送在他這個被儒家思想教化的兒子手里的。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              image.png19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                他太善良,善良得近乎懦弱,實際上朱標也是很聰明的,就是心不狠,朱元璋就有點看不上他。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                但他畢竟是朱元璋的長子,他還要將皇位傳給朱元璋最喜歡的皇孫朱允炆。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                朱元璋也用藍玉作為朱標的班底,大力培養,他還讓藍玉的外甥女嫁給朱標,讓他成為朱標的舅父,這樣來拴住藍玉,讓他更加死心塌地輔佐朱標。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                可惜藍玉后期跟朱標的關系太好,而且他又居功自傲,讓朱元璋對他忌諱起來,其實朱標不死,藍玉也不用死,朱標一死,藍玉必須死,因為朱允炆是無法鎮得住他的。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                如果有藍玉統領朝廷優秀的軍事班底,哪有朱棣造反的余地?朱棣也不是對手。朱元璋過于屠戮功臣,本以為清理了朱標的武人集團,朱允炆就會高枕無憂了,誰知道“有一利必有一弊”,朱允炆也失去了最大的“保護傘”,皇位變得更加岌岌可危。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                在諸多功臣中,幾乎無人能全身而退,只有一個人他的結局不錯,他就是明朝第一功臣、明朝開國六公爵中的魏國公徐達。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                民間傳說朱元璋一直很想弄死徐達,就賜給徐達蒸鵝全宴,徐達流著淚說:“看來我活不到明天”,結果句句應驗。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                鵝是發物,徐達患有背疽,吃鵝有很大的毒性,但因為徐達不敢違背圣旨,結果流著淚吃下鵝肉,不久毒發身亡。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              image.png19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                但這個傳聞的可信度是不高的,純屬抹黑,因為這來自于一個筆記本小說,本身就是“野史”,再加上也不合乎邏輯。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                后來我國的明史學家說,徐達雖然功勞很大,但從不結黨營私,也沒有超越其本分,他是十分謹慎的一個人,并且頗有城府。徐達的子孫也沒有驕橫跋扈的,所以朱元璋沒有殺徐達的理由。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                而且朱元璋要暗殺功臣,也會派御醫下手,不會用這樣低劣的手段,更不會弄得人盡皆知。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                并且蒸鵝會讓一個渾身是力氣的武將毒發身亡,這事不靠譜,也沒有科學依據。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                徐達是一個精通兵法的人,他十分聰明,而且十分果決,當他在軍隊中下令的時候,“令出不二”,可見這人多么符合武將的氣質,然而在朱元璋面前卻木訥少言,謹慎得像不會說話一樣,朱元璋不管說什么,他都用最簡短的回答,從不說一句廢話,可見徐達為人的謹慎。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                “禍從口出”,徐達深知他的功勛太大,要想保全自身,就必須謹言慎行。雖然徐達是朱元璋的發小,但朱元璋已經變了,他不再顧忌發小的情感,內心也并無真情,隨便一句話就可以要了一個功臣的命。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                軍事家都會下棋,也大都擅長下圍棋,徐達能下贏所有的人,唯獨下不過朱元璋,有一次朱元璋生氣得說,你再這么讓著我,我就算你“欺君之罪”,徐達唯唯諾諾。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

              image.png19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                結果下了一盤,徐達仍然輸了,朱元璋更生氣了,徐達說:“陛下別生氣,看看棋盤上的字”,朱元璋一看,棋盤上是“萬歲”兩個字,一腔怒火頓時煙消云散。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                在徐達平定北方時,朱元璋曾經假裝要殺他,左右皆驚,李善長跪地求皇恩,朱元璋才放過徐達,有人說朱元璋是“殺一儆百”,做做樣子,但實際上朱元璋是不是假戲真做,我們誰都不知道。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                不過我們仔細看朱元璋誅殺功臣的時間,徐達死的時間是洪武十八年,十分耐人尋味。而朱元璋先誅殺胡惟庸,再清理淮西功臣,如果說他沒有殺徐達的想法,這點也似乎說不通。19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

                在朱元璋手底下做功臣是一件恐怖的事情,能夠善終的徐達,可以說是很幸運的19y歷史春秋網 - 專注于中國古代歷史

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              文章標簽:朱元璋  徐達  朱標


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